Scientific Name : Crocus Sativus L.
Synonyms :
Other Names in English : True Safran, Crocus
Family : Iridaceae

General Data


Product Details


It is a plant of the Iridaceae lily family, perennial and short, about 20 centimeters in height, its leaves are long and linear, like a beautiful green leek, about 10 centimeters long, which comes out directly from the underground onion, its flowers are beautiful, colored Purple and funnel-shaped with a long and narrow tube that leads to six parts and inside them are three stamens, flower style, stigma and saffron ovary. The bulb of this plant is spherical, hard and fleshy and is covered with thin shells which its outer shell is dark brown. It is planted in different regions in Iran.

Chemical Constituents

The colour of saffron is due to a diterpene crocin, which is the gentiobiose ester of crocetin—a diterpene acid having a structure resembling carotenoids. The bitter taste of saffron is attributed to picrocrocin, a glycoside yielding glucose and safranal on hydrolysis. Safranal is dihydro b-cyclocitral and is the main odoriferous constituent. The bulbs contain four isolectins. Tepals yield myricetin, quercetin, kaempferol, delphinidin, petunidin, astragalin and helichrysoside. Pollen is found to contain crosatosides A and B and kaempferol glycoside.

Medical disclaimer

Everyone should know their temperament and choose foods which are more appropriate for them. Regular consumption of foods which have the same temperament with a person will cause physical and psychological complications. If you are going to use medicinal herbs continuously and for a long time, be sure to consult your doctor. Rasin IT GmbH does not accept responsibility for the side effects of consuming these products.
The information and reference guides in Anurasfood website are intended solely for the general information for the reader. The contents of this web site are not intended to offer personal medical advice, diagnose health problems or for treatment purposes. It is not a substitute for medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional.



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