Scientific Name : Carum Carvi L.
Synonyms : Apium Carvi Crantz., Bunium Carvi M.B.
Other Names in English : Caraway Seeds
Family : Umbelliferae

General Data

Product Details


It is a plant of the Umbelliferae family, biennial and some cultivars are annual. Its plant is like a carrot plant. Its stem reaches a height of 50 to 90 centimeters. Its root is spindle-shaped and its fruit is long, narrow, slightly curved with a length of 5 millimeters, both sides of which are narrow. The color of the fruit is dark brown to black, it has five light long protruding lines on the surface and its smell is pungent and fragrant.
It grows in many areas in Iran and Iranian caraway is special in the world.

Chemical Constituents

The mericarps (‘seeds’) contain protein (40%), fixed oil and resin (10%) and a volatile oil (3-8%). The principal constituents of the volatile oil are carvone (55-60%) and limonene. Other monoterpenes present are a-pinene, b-pinene, and p-cymene. The fixed oil is rich in oleic (60%), linoleic (20%) and petroselinic (17%) acids. The phenolics reported from the seeds are glycosides of kaempferol, quercetin and isorhamnetin and coumarins such as 5- and 8-methoxy psoralens, umbelliferone, herniarin, and scopoletin. The whole plant also yields a volatile oil consisting of cadinene (37%), carvone (31%) and dihydrocarveol (10%). The roots contain polyenes, falcarindione, falcarinolone, phytofluene, b-sitosterol, umbelliferone and scopoletin. Leaves contain glycosides of kaempferol and quercetin.

Medical disclaimer

Everyone should know their temperament and choose foods which are more appropriate for them. Regular consumption of foods which have the same temperament with a person will cause physical and psychological complications. If you are going to use medicinal herbs continuously and for a long time, be sure to consult your doctor. Rasin IT GmbH does not accept responsibility for the side effects of consuming these products.
The information and reference guides in Anurasfood website are intended solely for the general information for the reader. The contents of this web site are not intended to offer personal medical advice, diagnose health problems or for treatment purposes. It is not a substitute for medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional.



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