Fennel Seeds

Scientific Name : Foeniculum Vulgare.
Synonyms : Foeniculum Capillaceum Gilib., Foeniculum Officinale All., Anethum Foeniculum L.
Other Names in English :
Family : Umbelliferae

General Data

Product Details


Fennel is a fruit of the Umbelliferae family, herbaceous, annual and biennial, reaching a height of 1, 1.5 and even 2 meters. Its stem has parallel longitudinal grooves. The small fruit is 6-12 millimeters long, 2-3 millimeters wide and thick on both sides. This plant is distributed in Europe and Asia, especially in areas with Mediterranean climate, in Iran in the northern regions on the slopes of Alborz at an altitude of 750 meters and along the river can be seen wildly.

Chemical Constituents

The fruits contain fixed oil (12%), proteins, a volatile oil (1-4%) and phenolics. The principal component of volatile oil is a phenolic ether, anethole (60%) followed by the ketone, fenchone (10-30%). Other components of oil are methyl chavicol, limonene, a-pinene etc. The phenolics include furanocoumarins (imperatorin, bergaptene, and xanthotoxol), stilbene trimers (miyabenol C and cis-miyabenol C and the glycosides of the latter such as foeniculosides 1-4) and flavonoids. Also present are monoterpene glycosides, viz., foeniculosides V-IX, and other compounds such as zizybeoside I, icaviside A, syringin, sinapyl alcohol, adenosine and anethole glycol.

Medical disclaimer

Everyone should know their temperament and choose foods which are more appropriate for them. Regular consumption of foods which have the same temperament with a person will cause physical and psychological complications. If you are going to use medicinal herbs continuously and for a long time, be sure to consult your doctor. Rasin IT GmbH does not accept responsibility for the side effects of consuming these products.
The information and reference guides in Anurasfood website are intended solely for the general information for the reader. The contents of this web site are not intended to offer personal medical advice, diagnose health problems or for treatment purposes. It is not a substitute for medical care provided by a licensed and qualified health professional.



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